A SCVA Investment Thesis. Congratulations! Barbara Gray and Brady Capital

Figure1-Performance-vs-Benchmarks-11-13

At various times on this blog and in the ebook I have thanked my MBA classmates and professors. Way back in 2007, they let my interests in social capital invade every conversation and assignment.

In one such case, in our Portfolio Management course, I persuaded my group to adopt a Social Capital Value Add investment thesis. We ended up being over weighted in banks because of the deep data that these companies have on the life cycle of consumers. But we did not have a lot of data to go on and it was a six week experiment. We were outperformed by at least half of our competitors.

Nevertheless, there is a difference between a weak thesis and poor execution. So I am pleased to share this update from Barbara Gray and Brady Capital.

On November 15th last year, we launched our Customer Value Index 200 (CVI 200), a research-based analysis, based on my social capital investment thesis, that provides investors with exposure to the top 10% of North American-listed companies with a market capitalization over $1 billion that score the highest in terms of competitive strength, social attributes, and authentic core values.

.. the CVI 200 (www.cvi200.com) came in with stellar performance in its first year – rising by 41.3% compared to the 32.1% gain in the S&P 500 over this period – an outperformance of 920 basis points. And as shown in Figure 1, the CVI 200 shone against the resource-laden Canadian S&P/TSX Index, which gained only a paltry 12.7%, outperforming it by 2,880 basis points.

To be clear CVI does not employ SCVA’s valuation method, but it is nevertheless, trying to focus on the same drivers and defenders of value.

See the full update here. Congratulations Barbara and Brady Capital!

A Different Road to Social Capital

This post originally appears on the Brady Capital Research blog, posted by Barbara Gray, CFA.

PREFACE: Here is the back story of how I arrived at the Social Capital Value Add thesis – by trying to make sense of my experiences as the CEO of social media network startup and then cobbling together an academic “bricolage”.

Barbara Gray, CFA – August 16, 2012 – Just over a month ago, I received the following tweet from an individual named Michael Cayley (@memeticbrand): “@barbcfa great post hope you visit socialcapitalvalueadd.com would like to talk to you”. As I don’t receive many direct tweets (I only started tweeting last Fall), I was intrigued and after checking out his website, I looked up Michael’s profile on LinkedIn and sent him the following message:

Hi Michael – thanks for reaching out to me on Twitter. Wow! It is amazing what a small world it is. I would love to talk with you about your Social Capital Value Add thesis – you were way ahead of the curve coming up with it back in 2007! I am an Equity Analyst and developed my social capital investment thesis back in 2010 after attending SXSW Interactive and #140 Conf in NY and realizing the impact social media would have on companies’ risk/growth profiles and thus valuation. I would be happy to share my Social Capital article (just published in Intellectual Asset Management magazine) with you. I look forward to discussing social capital with you. – Barbara

I think this really illustrates the thesis I presented in my recent research report on LinkedIn titled: “LinkedIn: Disrupting By the “Power of We””: how LinkedIn’s power to create both bonding and bridging capital for its members provides it with a distinct competitive advantage over leading social networking platforms such as Facebook and Twitter. As the nature of Facebook’s social network is based on bonding capital (i.e. formation of strong ties) with families and friends, it did not play any role in connecting Michael and I as we are not related and do not move in the same social circles. What is interesting is that Michael made the initial contact with me through Twitter, whose network is based on bridging capital (i.e. formation of weak ties) as it allows its members to “follow” anyone they want. However, Twitter’s platform does not facilitate trust, as it does not provide the means to access the competence or character of its members. For that, I turned to LinkedIn as it provided me with transparency into Michael’s credibility in terms of his:

1. Competence (a quick glance at his Professional Profile revealed that he is a fellow Canadian, worked for over a decade in various marketing and product development roles, achieved his MBA in Marketing/Finance In 2008, and is an entrepreneur as he founded Social Capital Value Add in 2007 and Cdling Capital Services in 2009).

2. Character (his 500 plus connections gives me comfort in the integrity of the information he disclosed in his Professional Profile and if I wanted to check his intent, I could call up one of my former investment banking colleagues from Toronto who is a mutual connection).

By contacting Michael via LinkedIn, as opposed to just email, I made it easy for him, in turn, to assess my credibility so he could decide if it was worth investing his time and effort to engage with me. He did – so we then exchanged email addresses, I sent him my Social Capital article, and we set up a time to talk via Skype. It’s interesting as at the end of the day, I think social media only gets you so far – to build a real relationship with someone you need to engage with them off-line – first email, then by phone, and then hopefully in person.

If you have any interest at all in social capital, I encourage you to read Michael’s absolutely brilliant ebook (and keep in mind, I have read over 75 business strategy business books the past two years so I don’t use that term loosely) titled “Follow the Yellow Brick Road: Introducing Social Capital Value Add”. What I find fascinating is how we developed very similar theses on social capital – yet at different points in time and in different ways. Michael researched and formulated his Social Capital Value Add thesis by taking an academic approach as he studied the research done by social capital pioneers as part of his MBA back in 2007 and 2008.

Ironically, I wasn’t even aware of the existence of the concept of social capital when I published my first paper “Social Media: An Exposing Disruptive Force – Look for Companies with “Heart” and “Soul” But Beware of “Empty Shells”” back in January 2011. It wasn’t until I read the fascinating book “Firms of Endearment” in the Spring of 2011 that I became aware of the concept of stakeholder equity. This made me realize how social media is leading to the creation of a new form of appreciating equity as Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn are global, dynamic, 24/7 social exchanges that I believe essentially convert a company’s stakeholder relationships into highly liquid assets and/or liabilities. At first, I thought of using the term “social equity” (equity = assets less liabilities) but that seemed too socialist. So I decided to use the term “social capital” instead and titled my November 2011 research report: “Social Capital: A New Strategic Play for Investors – Look for Companies with Heart and Soul”.

My basic investment thesis is that social media empowers individuals and is ushering in the Social Era, which will lead to a structural change in companies’ underlying risk and growth profiles and will accelerate their value creation/erosion process. This sentiment is echoed by Michael who states that “broadband internet connections have empowered individuals, making them the most disruptive and intense form of media (i.e. the Individual as Medium); there are implications throughout the corporate ecosystem”. I believe the companies that are best positioned in the Social Era are those with heart and soul as they will be able to use social media to capitalize on their strong and authentic stakeholder relationships to leverage the high level of enthusiasm and deep psychological attachment to the company’s brand and greater purpose. This is consistent with Michael’s thesis of how the symbolic brand is being replaced by the memetic brand (i.e. a company with “heart and soul” that stands for something) as companies can only “activate IAM (Individual as Medium) through social networks to achieve maximum reach and that activation is a function of social capital”. Like myself, he also predicts that the leading source of corporate value will shift from brand to social capital.

Michael’s book opened my eyes to a whole academic body of research that explores the concept of social networks and social capital… I just downloaded Ronald Burt’s book “Structural Holes: The Social Structure of Competition” – it was published in 1995 so it will be interesting to delve into it to see if it provides any further insights. And perhaps one day, the investment community will start to embrace our concept of social capital as the new driver of corporate value.

Disclosure: I have a LONG position in LinkedIn Corporation (LNKD-NYSE).

Cdling: principles of Social Capital Value Add applied

We have extended our closed Alpha Group from our HTML5 mobile version onto the web.

Please sign up.  You can really help just by signing up.

Last week we poked up our heads to make an alpha release of our Cdling Scores. With the chart available at that link, you can quickly and easily see that Jason Calacanis has great instincts when it comes to assembling a diverse judging panel of established investors, Founders and influential analysts.

The same applies to helping investors in Ontario or the UK or Germany or NYC or Chicago or Asia or anywhere … build trust faster with investors in Silicon Valley.  Cdling Scores tell you a lot about a player in innovation at a glance.

Folks who took the time to check out the chart were galvanized by the insight.

Pulitzer prize winning Forbes journalist George Anders ask us to use Cdling Scores to compare the existing influence of the PayPalMafia with the emerging Facebook Friends.  With this kind of insight, the PayPalers can make better decisions about who they might co-invest with from the Facebook folks to help insure that they keep getting chances to get in on the best deals and have the best connections to help their existing portfolio of startups succeed.

We are grateful to Christine Wong at ITCanada for writing about what we are doing in an informed and entertaining way. And to her Associate Editor Brian Jackson for understanding that even when you are introducing a way for everyone to win, it is really, really hard to get folks to support a new approach.

Mark Fidelman hits the nail on the head

I just came across this post by Mark Fidelman. It is the best illustration of Social Capital Value Add that I have ever seen.

It still focuses on the grand influencer – but it captures the value impact.  And Mark does point out that there are a number of factors that impact the increase in value, including I suggest the value of the whole community that Robert Scoble fosters.

Why Every Company Needs a Robert Scoble on Seek Omega

http://www.seekomega.com/2011/01/why-every-company-needs-a-robert-scoble-infographic/

3 Economies of Online Currency: money, reputation and attention

I think we are doing some ground breaking work with Cdling, coming up with our “seeds” monetary system.

I have been doing some related reading this evening.

When I read this post by Alistair Croll, it prompted me to get off my duff and actually post something here again, so I think that is a huge endorsement.

Check it out:

The Three Economies of Online Currency.

Collaborative Consumption by Rachel Botsman & Roo Rogers

Entertaining video here and their Booktracker campaign is an interesting memetic approach.

The Corporate Spark

Thank you to Social Capital Blog and @peterwmcmahon for bringing Frank Koller’s first book to our attention.  I am looking forward to giving a read.

Here is the Wall Street Journal’s review of Spark. How Old-Fashioned Values Drive a Twenty-First Century Corporation:Lessons from Lincoln Electric’s Unique Guaranteed Employment Program.

The Social Capital Blog and WSJ reviews focus on the issue of guaranteed employment because that is the tack that Koller has taken with the book.  But guaranteed employment is just one of James Lincoln’s four organizational pillars that remain in place to this day.

The others were a management advisory board made up of employee representatives; wages based on piecework, so that the quality and quantity of individual workers’ output can be monitored; and annual performance-based bonuses.

Here is the quote from Lincoln that inspired Koller to explore this story:

“The only way we’ll have any kind of widespread job security in today’s business environment is if we change our thinking as to what makes good management.

Instead of praising corporations that downsize, we need to look at their actions as admissions of failure.

We don’t need layoffs – we need creativity.”

It is easy enough to see why Koller has headed in the direction of job security and guaranteed employment, but I wonder if he zeros in on the wrong point.

It seems to me that Lincoln took his strategy to develop trust with workers.  The most important elements of the quote in my opinion are not the reference to job security but the call for a “change in thinking” and recognition that trust is a critical prerequisite to the organizational creativity needed to maintain sustainable competitive success.

In other words …

We must manage to optimize our enterprises for social capital to thrive in

the new economic model.

I am not interested in reading Koller out of nostalgia for “Old Fashion Values”.  I find it easier to relate to James Lincoln as a visionary, ahead of his time … which explains why so few have followed his example.

My interest in reading Koller’s Spark comes from the opportunity to learn more about experiments in maximizing corporate social capital.

On the other hand, if we need to look at Lincoln as a throw back to mystic better times to sell entrenched aging management, I am all in.

Crowd Building: 2020 Media Future @ OCAD

Thanks to Walter Derzko for inviting me to join yesterday’s 2020 Media Futures Workshop at the s-Lab (Strategic Innovation Lab) at OCADSuzanne Stein and Greg Van Alstyne did a great job of moderating and facilitating a fairly free wheeling group of thinkers.

It looks like I was the only one using twitter during the workshop or maybe I had the wrong tag? Here are a few thoughts that emerged that could each be turned into a blog post:

  • We think about discontinuity as a threat but the new global success stories will have discontinuity at the heart of a new approach.  Are the incremental gains achieved through “baby steps” and the “go slow”, “fast follower” practices of Canadian business enough to maintain Canada’s position in the world moving forward?  At the moment many are quick to heap praise on the stability of our financial sector.  I remember a few observers noting that growth in Nova Scotia was not effected by the global downturn.  Hmmm. When achieving global success requires embracing discontinuity, what design approaches should we advocate and adopt?
  • How do digital connections qualify/disqualify people for precious face to face time?  Many of us have now experienced the little thrill of having connected with someone online via twitter or a blog exchange and then met them in real life.  As we become more connected, how will the productivity of our face to face time be impacted.  Is it a sign of disrespect if you have not bothered to “google” someone before attending a scheduled meeting with them?
  • Does copyright transform into “identity right”?  Copyright was established to protect the investment and intellectual property of creators for a reasonable time period.  Online is “busting through to reality” (pick up Jesse Schell’s talk on the Future of Gaming at the 10:56mark).  Is the final produced piece of art or software code the point where we need these protections?  When our life stream is “sensed” and iterative design is key to progress, do we need an entirely different set of rights to ensure that individuals have the ability to profit from the digital footprints that they cast off or in other words, how they direct their lives?
  • We must integrate consumers into design & production.  This generalizes to “crowd sourcing” or making sure that we make corporate decisions, not based upon the smartest person sitting at the table at that moment, but based upon having the smartest thinking anywhere available at the table for the moment of the decision.  It is the kind of motive behind the idea for a Seedling Prediction Market that initially drew me into MDes’ (i.e. Masters of Design in Strategic Foresight and Innovation) orbit. This is not really a question for 2020.  I think it is a question that we need to be answering right now to maintain Ontario/Canada’s position in the world.
  • So some “Crowd Building” related design thinking …
  • MIT Tech TV

SCVA in Government: The Value Proposition for Gov 2.0

While SCVA is a corporate valuation and management method, its principals equally apply to government, health care, education and beyond.  All of our traditional institutions are being re-architected around broadband empowered individuals.

Last week I hosted a discussion about how to advocate for the adoption of more productive government that utilizes the full potential of the internet at GovCamp Toronto.  Thank you to Julia Stowell, Omar Rashid and Mark Kuznicki for inviting about 125 of us across the community to come together.

There was great representation from the City of TorontoHere is a shot of city CIO Dave Wallace sitting beside me while I invited participants to join in my discussion thread:

The Value Proposition for Gov 2.0: Outsourcing Risk

The description:

Governments are risk averse . Traditionally there has been very little upside potential for those involved in public service to attack something out of the ordinary. Change is methodical, reactionary – made by attrition. This is the world of late adoptors.

This is a difficult mode for coping with the complex problems of our times and rapid change required to embrace Gov 2.0 (if we would would like to, for example, take advantage of moments of change to maintain or improve Canada’s position in the world).

Perhaps there is an appeal in the prospect of open data?

Governments are the custodians and regulators and third parties are the innovators and risk takers. Whatever works governments can follow and the essential experiments that turn out to be learning experiences will be played out with the investment of third parties, not tax payers.

Are any of these assumptions true? What is the right language to frame these dynamics in terms acceptable to everyone involved?

The session was an opportunity to continue the conversation along these lines that have evolved as a consistent theme for me since the first ChangeCamp.

I had great exchanges with about a dozen different open gov enthusiasts from across government.  I feel comfortable in reporting that yes, this notion that embracing Gov 2.0 as a risk averse strategy, has the potential to resonate within bureaucratic and political circles.  It could be part of messaging that will appeal to late adopters and perhaps get those first trials off of the ground.

What’s next? Was the question that we bounced around the room to wrap up the three hour unconference.

Here are the additional thoughts that emerged at our table:

1. “We have a full plate.” or “We just do not have resources to try that.” These are likely the number one kind of objection that you will hear across departments.  Listen carefully.

Gov 2.0 offers the promise of solutions that share and scale.  Most often, Gov 2.0 is not about adding new lines of service, it is about doing the same things in different, more productive ways.  In most cases, it would be a waste of resources to roll out another year of doing the same old thing without looking for ways to incorporate the internet into routines.

What you may be hearing is code for, “We don’t know how.”, “That sounds risky.”, “We don’t get rewarded for taking on things that are new.”.

2. In his opening comments David Eaves pointed out, there is a long history and many cases where governments have committed to a policy of transparency and/or public reporting in Canada.  Perhaps the #govcamp community can make an effort to examine the decisions that were made to release data and become more transparent in the past, note the reasons why and look for opportunities to apply that rationale to convince governments to apply it in new areas.

3. Tabling an ill considered RFP can be a public relations disaster for government.  Opening up the development of the RFP can help reduce this risk and lead to more progressive ideas being incorporated into governments’ competitive processes.

4. A few times our discussion came back to the need for boiler plate policy and guidelines that can be adopted across government.  We talked about why it is unlikely that anything like Obama’s Memorandum on Transparency will materialize in Canada in the immediate future and there was some enthusiasm that the #govcamp community could lead the development of expectations through the creation of open source guidelines, similar to the resources developed in corporate American by the Social Media Business Council.

Read these papers & review for SCVA?

Thanks to Fabio Sabatini who is himself a social capital gateway.

I have not found the time to manage to even read the abstracts below, but I have lifted the titles from Fabio’s newletter below that I would love to read and write about.  Maybe you have a few cycles to cover one?

NEP: New Economics Papers
Social Norms and Social Capital

Edited by: Fabio Sabatini
University of Siena
Issue date: 2010-04-24
Papers: 10
Note: Access to full contents may be restricted.
NEP is sponsored by SUNY Oswego.

In this issue we have:

  1. A trust-driven financial crisis. Implications for the future of financial markets
    Luigi Guiso
  2. Civic Capital as the Missing Link
    Luigi Guiso; Paola Sapienza; Luigi Zingales
  3. Ideological Segregation Online and Offline
    Matthew Gentzkow; Jesse M. Shapiro
  4. The Economic Value of Virtue
    Mariani, Fabio
  5. The Causes of Corruption: Evidence from China
    Bin Dong; Benno Torgler
  6. Leader-Member Exchange, Communication Frequency and Burnout
    Leslie N. Graham; Arjen van Witteloostuijn
  7. Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Financial Performance: Evidence from Korea
    Choi, Jong-Seo; Kwak, Young-Min; Choe, Chongwoo

Contents.

  1. Date: 2010
    By: Luigi Guiso
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:eui:euiwps:eco2010/07&r=soc
    The financial crisis has brought to light diffuse opportunistic behaviour and some serious frauds.Because of this trust towards banks, bankers, brokers and the stock market has collapsed to unprecedented levels and there are so far no signs of recovery. This paper uses survey-based information to document the collapse of trust, show its link to the emergence of frauds in the financial industry and discuss its consequences for the demand of financial instruments, investors portfolios and more generally investors reliance on financial markets. It argues that unless serious changes happen in the behaviour of the financial industry, the move towards safer portfolios and away from ambiguous securities that lack of trust entails, will have adverse effects on the availability and cost of equity financing. Accordingly a number of proposals to restore trust are discussed. Their common feature is to restore trust – a belief – by limiting the scope for opportunistic behaviour through a transfer of power from financial intermediaries to investors.
  2. Date: 2010
    By: Luigi Guiso
    Paola Sapienza
    Luigi Zingales
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:eui:euiwps:eco2010/08&r=soc
    This chapter reviews the recent debate about the role of social capital in economics. We argue that all the difficulties this concept has encountered in economics are due to a vague and excessively broad definition. For this reason, we restrict social capital to the set of values and beliefs that help cooperation—which for clarity we label civic capital. We argue that this definition differentiates social capital from human capital and satisfies the properties of the standard notion of capital. We then argue that civic capital can explain why differences in economic performance persist over centuries and discuss how the effect of civic capital can be distinguished empirically from other variables that affect economic performance and its persistence, including institutions and geography.
  3. Date: 2010-04
    By: Matthew Gentzkow
    Jesse M. Shapiro
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:nbr:nberwo:15916&r=soc
    We use individual and aggregate data to ask how the Internet is changing the ideological segregation of the American electorate. Focusing on online news consumption, offline news consumption, and face-to-face social interactions, we define ideological segregation in each domain using standard indices from the literature on racial segregation. We find that ideological segregation of online news consumption is low in absolute terms, higher than the segregation of most offline news consumption, and significantly lower than the segregation of face-to-face interactions with neighbors, co-workers, or family members. We find no evidence that the Internet is becoming more segregated over time.
    JEL: D83
  4. Date: 2010-04
    By: Mariani, Fabio (Université Catholique de Louvain)
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4875&r=soc
    Virtue is modeled as an asset that women can use in the marriage market: since men value virginity in prospective mates, preserving her virtue increases a woman’s chances of marrying a high-status husband, and therefore allows for upward social mobility. Consistent with some historical and anthropological evidence, we find that the prevalence (and the value) of virginity, across societies and over time, can be influenced by socio-economic factors such as male income inequality, gender differences, social status and stratification, and overall economic development.
    Keywords: mating, marriage, cultural values, social classes, gender
    JEL: D1
  5. Date: 2010-03-25
    By: Bin Dong (QUT)
    Benno Torgler (QUT)
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:qut:dpaper:257&r=soc
    In this study we explore in detail the causes of corruption in China using two different sets of data at the regional level (provinces and cities). We observe that regions with more anti-corruption efforts, histories of British rule, higher openness, more access to media and relatively higher wages of government employees are markedly less corrupt; while social heterogeneity, regulation, abundance of resource and state-owned enterprises substantially breed regional corruption. Moreover, fiscal decentralization is discovered to depress corruption significantly, while administrative decentralization fosters local corruption. We also find that there is currently a positive relationship between corruption and economic development in China that is mainly driven by the transition to a market economy.
    Keywords: Corruption; China; Government; Decentralization; Deterrence; Social Heterogenity
    JEL: D73
  6. Date: 2010-04
    By: Leslie N. Graham
    Arjen van Witteloostuijn
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:use:tkiwps:1008&r=soc
    In a field study of 128 middle-managers in similar roles but in different organizations within the UK public sector, we find that the quality of their leadermember exchange (LMX) relationship with their immediate supervisor is negatively related to the three dimensions of burnout. As hypothesized, LMX and communication frequency are found to interact in the prediction of emotional exhaustion. For low-quality LMX, the relationship between communication frequency and emotional exhaustion is positive with an increasingly steep upward slope as communication frequency increases. For high-quality LMX, the relationship is not as expected, but is curvilinear with an inverted U-shape. The findings support the importance of the social context of the workplace for the development and persistence of burnout. The results indicate that the quality of the relationship between employees and their manager in combination with the nature and the frequency of their interpersonal interactions are important factors for employee wellbeing. Furthermore, the study contributes to the literature on LMX by providing further support for the importance of LMX being dependent on how frequently employees and managers interact for a new and very important outcome of emotional exhaustion.
    Keywords: Leader-Member Exchange (LMX), Communication Frequency, Burnout
  7. Date: 2010-04-17
    By: Choi, Jong-Seo
    Kwak, Young-Min
    Choe, Chongwoo
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:pra:mprapa:22159&r=soc
    This paper studies the empirical relation between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and corporate financial performance in Korea using a sample of 1122 firm-years during 2002-2008. We measure corporate social responsibility by both an equal-weighted CSR index and a stakeholder-weighted CSR index suggested by Akpinar et al. (2008). Corporate financial performance is measured by ROE, ROA and Tobin’s Q. We find a positive and significant relation between corporate financial performance and the stakeholder-weighted CSR index, but not the equal-weighted CSR index. This finding is robust to alternative model specifications and several additional tests, providing evidence in support of instrumental stakeholder theory.
    Keywords: corporate social responsibility; corporate financial performance; KEJI index; instrumental stakeholder theory
    JEL: M14

This nep–soc issue is ©2010 by Fabio Sabatini. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, it must include this copyright notice. It may not be sold, or placed in something else for sale.
General information on the NEP project can be found at http://nep.repec.org/. For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at < director @ nep point repec point org >.